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Bird Safe Fruit and Vegetables

Bird Safe Plant / Tree List

This is a compilation of lists from multiple, reputable sources that can be found listed below. If you have any doubts about the safety of a plant, including the ones listed, please consult your Certified Avian Vet.

Depending on your region, plant names may vary. Consult a nursery to identify plant species you are unsure of. Any plant eaten in excess is likely to cause health problems, especially regarding smaller birds. Beware of any mold growth, pesticides, and toxic fertilizers that may have been used on you plants.

"Spp." is the abbreviation for "species."

FRUIT

Apples

Berries (strawberries, rasberries, currants, boysenberry, etc)

Kiwi Fruit

Mango

Cherries

Banana

Pear

Peaches

Oranges (citrus only in small amounts as it can cause crop burn)

Grapes

Star Fruit

Canteloupe

Honeydew Melon

Watermelon

Pineapple

Pomegranate

Pawpaw

Apricot

Passionfruit

VEGETABLES

Brocolli

Beetroot

Cucumber

Carrots

Radish

Turnip

Sweet Potato

Kale

Parsley

Beans

Bok Choy

Capsicum

Snow Pea

Pea

Zucchini

Spinach

Celery

Corn

Mint

Pumpkin

Chillies

Asian Greens

PLANTS AND FLOWERS

Always make sure they have not been sprayed with poisons or have residue from native wildlife (poo or chew marks)


Australian Natives, both leaves and flowers are fantastic choices:

Bottle Brush

Banskia

Grevilla

Eucalyptus

Seeds and Grasses


Dandelion

Milk Thistle

Abelia –Abelia spp.

Acacia – Acacia spp. (some species)

African Daisy – Arctotis stoechadifolia

African Violet – Saintpaulina spp.

Aluminum Plant – Pilea cadierei

Aloe – Aloe spp. (fresh only)

Aralia – Aralia spp.

Arbutus – Arbutus spp.

Areca, Butterfly Cane – Areca lutescens

Ash – Fraxinus spp.

Asparagus Fern – Asparagus densiflorus

Aspen – Populus spp.

Aspidistra – Aspidistra spp.

Baby’s Tears – Helxine soleirolli

Baby’s Breath – Gypsophila paniculata

Bachelor Buttons – Centaurea cyanus

Barberry – Berberis spp.

Beech – Fagus, Nothofagus

Begonia – Begonia spp.

Birch – Betula spp.

Bird’s Nest Fern – Asplenium nidus

Blood Leaf Plant – Iresine herbstii and related spp.

Boston Fern – Nephrolepsis bostoniensis

Bougainvillea – Bougainvillea spp. (non-toxic but beware of thorns)

Brake, Ribbon, Dish – Pteris cretica

Bromeliads – Anans comosus

California Holly – Heteromeles arbutifolia

Calamint – Calamintha spp.

Calendula (Pot Marigold) – Calendula officinalis

Camellia – Camellia spp.

Chamomile – Chamaemelum nobile

Chickweed – Cerastium vulgatum, Stellaria media

Chicory – Chichorium intybus

Cissus Kangaroo Vines – Cissus spp.

Claw Cactus – Schlumbergera truncata

Coffee Tree – Coffea arabica (coffee is toxic)

Coleus – Coleus blumei

Comfrey – Symphytum officinalis

Corn Plant – Dracaena fragrans

Cottonwood – Populus spp.

Crabapple – Malus spp. (fruit only)

Creeping Jenny – Lysimachia spp.

Croton – Codiaeum variegatum (house variety)

Dahlia – Dahlia spp.

Dandelion – Taraxacum officinalis

Date – Phoenix dactylifera

Daylily – Hemerocallis spp.

Dill – Anethum graveolen

Dogwood – Cornus spp.

Donkey Tail – Sedum morganianum

Dracaena – Dracaena spp.

Dragon Tree – Dracaena draco

Easter Cactus – Rhipsalidopsis spp.

Elderberry – Sambucus spp. (cooked ripe fruit only)

Elm – Ulmus spp.

European Fan – Chamaerops humilis

Fir – Abies spp.

Gold Dust Dracaena – Dracaena godseffiana

Echeveria – Echeveria spp.

Elephant Foot Tree – Beaucarnea recurvata

Eucalyptus – Eucalyptus sp.

Eugenia – Eugenia spp.

Gardenia – Gardenia jasminoides

Gloxinia – Sinningia speciosa

Grape Ivy – Cissus rhombifolia

Grape Vine – Vitis spp.

Hens and Chicks – Echeveria and Sempervivum sp.

Hibiscus – Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (and related species)

Honeysuckle – Lonicera spp.

Hoya – Hoya spp.

Impatiens – Impatiens spp.

Indian Hawthorne – Rhaphiolepsis spp.

Larch – Larix spp.

Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis

Lilac – Syringa vulgaris and related species

Lilly (Easter or Tiger) – Lilium spp.

Magnolia – Magnolia spp.

Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum spp.

Manzanita – Arctostapylos manzanita

Mayapple – Podophyllum peltatum (fruit only)

Monkey Plant – Ruellia spp.

Moses-in-the-Cradle – Rhoeo spathacea

Moth Orchid – Phalaenopsis orchid

Nandina – Nandina domestica

Nasturtium – Tropaeolum majus

Natal Plum – Carissa macrocarpa

Nerve Plant – Fittonia verschaffeltti

Norfolk Island Pine – Araucaria excelsa

Orchids Brazilian, Fly, Christmas, Cocktail,

Dancing Doll, Easter,

Fiery Reed, Tiger,

Ghost Leafless,

Golden Lace,

Golden Shower,

Jewel, Lace, Leopard,

Old World, Pansy,

Rainbow, Scarlet,

Spice, Tailed

Parsley – Petroselinum spp.

Passionflower – Passiflora caerulea

Peppermint – Mentha x piperita

Peperomia – Peperomia spp.

Petunia – Petunia spp.

Pony Tail Palm – Beaucarnea recurvata

Popular – Populus spp.

Prayer Plant – Maranta leuconeura

Purple Passion, Purple Velvet – Gynura aurantiaca

Pyracantha – Pyracantha spp.

Raphiolepsis – Raphiolepis spp.

Rose – Rosa spp. (Non-toxic but beware of thorns)

Rubber Plant – Ficus elastica

Russian Olive – Elaeagnus augustifolia

Schefflera – Schefflera actinophylla

Sensitive Plant – Mimosa pudica

Spearmint – Mentha spicata

Spider Plant – Chlorophytum comosum

Spruce – Picea spp.

Squirrel’s Foot Fern – Davallia trichomanoides

Staghorn, Elk’s Horn – Platycerium bifurcatum

Star Jasmine – Trachelospermum jasminoides

String of Beads – Senecio rowleyanus

Swedish Ivy – Plectranthus australis

Sword Fern – Nephrolepis exaltata

Thistle – Cirsium spp.

Ti Plant – Cordyline terminalis

Violet – Viola spp.

Wandering Jew – Tradescantia fluminensis

Willow – Salix spp.

Zebra Plant – Aphelandra squarrosa

TOXIC - PLANT THAT ARE POISONOUS

Acokanthera – Acokanthera spp. (all parts toxic, except ripe fruit)

Amaryllis – Amaryllis spp.

Angel’s Trumpet – Datura spp.

Apricot – Prunus armeniaca (pits, leave, and bark)

Apple – Malus spp., (seeds, leaves, bark)

Avocado – Persea Americana

Azalea – Rhododendron canadenis

Balsam Pear, Bitter Melon – Momordica charantia

Baneberry – Actaea rubra, A. pachypoda

Belladonna – Atropa belladonna

Bird of Paradise – Poinciana and related spp.

Bittersweet – Celastrus spp.

Black Locust – Robinia pseudoacacia

Boxwood – Boxus spp.

Braken Fern – Pteridium aquilinum

Buckthorn – Karwinskia humboldtiana and related spp.

Burdock – Arctium spp.

Buttercup – Ranunculus spp.

Caladium – Caladium spp.

Calla Lily – Zantedeschia aethiopica

Catclaw Acacia – Acacia greggii (twigs and leaves)

Caster Bean – Ricinus communis

Cherry – Prunus spp. (pits, leaves and bark)

Chinaberry – Melia azadarach

Clematis – Clematis montana and related spp.

Coral Plant – Jatropha mutifida

Crocus (autumn) – Cholochicum autumnale

Cycad or Sago Cycas – Cycas revoluta

Daffodil – Narcissus tazetta

Daphne – Daphne mezerum

Death Camas – Zigadenus venenosus and other related species

Delphinium – Delphinium spp.

Devil’s Ivy – Epipremnum aureum

Dieffenbachia (dumb cane) – Dieffenbachia spp.

Eggplant – Solonum melongena (unripe/ripe fruit, leaves)

Elderberry – Sambucus mexicana (roots, leaves, stems, bark)

Elephant’s Ears or Taro – Colocasia spp.

Euonymus – Euonymus spp.

European Pennyroyal – Mentha pulegium

Figs – Ficus spp. (sap)

Four o’clock – Mirabilis jalapa

Heliotrope – Heliotropium spp.

Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger

Holly – Ilex aquifolium and related spp. (leaves, berries)

Horse Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum and related spp.

Horse Nettle – Solanum carolinense

Hyacinth – Hyacinthus orientalis

Hydrangea – Hydrangea spp.

Iris – Iris spp.

Ivy – Hedera spp. (Boston, English and some others)

Jack-in-the-Pulpit – Arisaema spp.

Jerusalem Cherry – Solanum pseudocapsicum and related spp. (leaves, seeds and flowers)

Jonquil – Narcissus jonquilla

Juniper – Juniperus spp.

Lantana – Lantana camara

Larkspur – Delphinium spp.

Laurel – Kalmia spp.

Lily-of-the-Valley – Convalleria majalis

Lobelia – Lobelia spp.

Locoweed – Astragalus spp. and Oxytopis spp.

Lupine – Lupinus spp.

Marijuana – Cannabis sativa

Milkweed – Asclepias spp.

Mistletoe – Phoradendron villosum

Mock Orange – Philadelphus spp.

Moonseed – Menispermum canadense

Monkshood – Aconitum spp.

Morning Glory – Ipomoea violacea (seeds)

Mushrooms – Amanita spp. And many others

Narcissus – Narcissus spp.

Oak – Quercus spp.

Oleander – Nerium oleander

Peach – Prunus persica (leaves, pit, bark)

Pear – Pyrus spp. (leaves, seeds, bark)

Peony – Paeonia officinalis

Periwinkle – Vinca minor, Vinca rosea

Peyote – Lophophora williamsii

Philodendron – Philodendron spp. and Monstera spp.

Plum – Prunus spp. (leaves, pit, bark)

Poison Hemlock – Conium maculatum

Poison Ivy – Toxicodendron radicans, includes T. rydbergii

Poison Oak – Toxicodendron querciflium and T. diversilobum

Poison Sumac – Rhux vernix

Poinsettia – Euphorbia pulcherrima

Poppy – Papaver somniferum and related spp.

Pokeweed – Phytolacca Americana

Potato – Solanum tuberosum (sprouts, leaves, berries, green tubers)

Pothos – Eprimemnum aureum

Primrose – Prmula spp.

Privet – Ligustrum vulgare

Ragwort – Senecio jacobea and related spp.

Red Maple – Acer rubrum

Rhododendron – Rhododendron spp.

Rhubarb – Rheum rhabarbarum (leaves)

Rosary Pea – Abrus precatorius

Sage – Salvia officinalis

Shamrock Plant – Medicago lupulina, Trifolium repens, Oxalis acetosella

Skunk Cabbage – Symplocarpus foetidus

Snowdrop – Galanthus nivalis

Sorrel – Rumex spp., Oxalis spp.

Spurges – Euphorbia spp.

Star of Bethlehem – Ornithogalum umbellatum

Sweet Pea – Lathyrus odoratus

Tobacco – Nicotiania spp.

Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum (stems and leaves)

Tulip – Tulipa spp.

Virginia Creeper – Panthenocissus quinquefolia

Vetches – Vicia spp.

Water Hemlock – Cicuta spp.

Waxberry – Symphoricarpos albus

Wisteria – Wisteria spp.

Yew – Taxus spp

TOXIC FOOD TO AVOID

Avocado

Lettuce (can cause diahhrea

Chocolate

Onion

Mushroom

Eggplant

Salt

Potato Chips

Alcohol

Caffeine

Ice cream

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